Plug-in Elective Drive Motor Vehicle Credit
Code Sec. 30D provides a credit for Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicles, including passenger vehicles and light trucks. The total amount of the credit allowed for a vehicle is limited to $7,500. For qualified 2- or 3-wheeled plug-in electric drive vehicles, the cap is the lesser of $2,500 or 10 percent of its cost.
The credit begins to phase out for a manufacturer’s vehicles when at least 200,000 qualifying vehicles have been sold for use in the United States (determined on a cumulative basis for sales after December 31, 2009). Eligible vehicles include the 2012-2014 Ford Focus Electric; the 2013 Ford Fusion Energi, the 2013 Ford C-MAXEnergi, and the 2011-2012 Nissan LEAF.
To be entitled to the credit, original use must start with the taxpayer. For a 2013 credit, the vehicle must be acquired by the taxpayer by year-end 2013. The credit for qualified 2- or 3-wheeled vehicles ends after 2013; the four-wheel vehicle credit continues until manufacturer sales exceed the 200,000 threshold.